By Cathy Cantwell
Examines the historic improvement of Buddhism and its presence, from its key spiritual texts to practices and ideology. With useful gains together with a map of the Buddhist global, thesaurus of phrases and suggestions for additional learn, this article is acceptable for college students and readers desirous to familiarise themselves with the Buddhist religion.
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Additional info for Buddhism: The Basics
TEACHING For some weeks, the story goes that the Buddha remained in the same vicinity. One tradition preserved in the Pa-li texts on the monastic discipline has it that he was visited by two travelling merchants who made him oﬀerings and, recognising his achievement, took refuge in the Buddha and the truth he had discovered, thus becoming the THE BUDDHA AND THE BUDDHIST TRADITION ﬁrst Buddhists. At this stage, since the Buddha had not communicated his teaching, refuge could only be taken in the ﬁrst two Jewels since there was no enlightened community.
The title was certainly in use by the time of the Emperor As´oka in the third century BCE, found in the pillar edict in Lumbinı-. To make it entirely clear, the term Buddha is frequently qualiﬁed as the completely perfected Buddha (samyak-sam . buddha), in contrast to the pratyeka-buddha mentioned above, who is enlightened yet does not systematically teach, and to arhats, who have reached Enlightenment by following the path illuminated by a buddha. Buddha is not the only term used for the perfectly Enlightened.
In the plural Indian religious environment in which Buddhism developed, it was no doubt important for the Buddhists to emphasise that rules forbidding monks from magical displays did not reﬂect their lack of ability but, rather, restraint in its use. Sometimes just preceding, and sometimes just following the S´ra-vastı- miracles, comes an account of the Buddha’s visit to and sojourn in the Tra-yatrim . ´sa (Pa-li, Ta-vatimsa) heaven. Here he spent a rains retreat period – a three-month rainy season retreat in which monks are advised to stay in one place and focus on intensive practice.
Buddhism: The Basics by Cathy Cantwell