By Paul Williams
From a box essentially of curiosity to professional orientalists, the examine of Buddhism has built to include inter alia, theology and spiritual reports, philosophy, cultural stories, anthropology and comparative reviews. there's now higher direct entry to Buddhism within the West than ever earlier than, and Buddhist reports are attracting expanding numbers of students.
This eight-volume set brings jointly seminal papers in Buddhist reports from an unlimited variety of educational disciplines, released during the last 40 years. With a brand new creation through the editor, this assortment is a special and unrivalled study source for either pupil and scholar.
VOLUME II THE EARLY BUDDHIST colleges AND
DOCTRINAL background; THERAVADA
18 Theravada Buddhist sangha: a few common observations on
historical and political components in its improvement 1
19 Notes at the formation of Buddhist sects and the origins of
20 Buddhistjhana: its nature and attainment in line with the
21 The 'five points' and the origins of the Buddhist schools
22 individual and self
L S. COUSINS
23 Cosmology and meditation: from the Aggaiiiia-Sutta to the
24 Kindness and compassion as a way to nirvaQa
25 focus or perception: the troublesome of Theravada
Buddhist meditation theory
26 Councils as rules and occasions within the Theravada
27 Saik$a-dharmas revisited: extra issues of
CHARLES S. PREBISH
zs MahasaQighika origins: the beginnings of Buddhist
JAN NATTIER AND CHARLES S PREBISH
29 the various our bodies of the Buddha: reflections on a neglected
aspect of Theravada tradition
FRANK E. REYNOLDS
30 at the challenge of the relation of non secular perform and
philosophical thought in Buddhism
31 Buddhist Modernism and the rhetoric of meditative
ROBERT H SHARF
32 the reworking reward: an research of devotional acts of
offering in Buddhist Avadiina literature
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Additional resources for Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 2
Post-canonical texts of the Theravadins contain statements about transferring merit just as avadana texts of other schools. , we read in the Mahavarpsa (44. 109) that king Jetthatissa before committing suicide asked his wife to recite the holy texts and to transfer to him the merit of his performance. Similar examples are found in many post-canonical Pali texts. e. the so-called Southern Buddhism in Ceylon and Southeast Asia. anumodana and pattidana (praptidana). amana of the Mahayana texts. e.
Fear of the unknown is perhaps partly also implied. Clearly the removal of these obstacles is no mean task in itself and nor is a merely negative removal intended. In the sutta itself the removal of ill-will involves also 'sympathy for the good of all beings' (sabba-piil)a-bhiita-hitiinukampl) and similar changes are required in the other cases. 23 They are elsewhere likened to canals about a mountain stream which have to be shut off if the stream of the mind is to lose its turbulence. 24 The removal of 'sloth and torpor' is of particular interest.
This is the decision to make use of one's own merits not for quick salvation of one's own, but for the long way of a Bodhisatva. e. in Hlnayana or Sravakayana texts. But actually the concept of transferring merit to suffering ghosts, pretas, on the occasion of a dak~ina (offering) is already found in early texts viz. in the Petavatthu of the Pali canon or the Pretavadana of the Sarvastivada literature. Perhaps it is influenced by ideas of ancestral sacrifice. There can be no doubt, however, that the notion of transferring merit is found in these texts, though it has another name here.
Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 2 by Paul Williams