Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan PDF

By Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

ISBN-10: 1118305884

ISBN-13: 9781118305881

ISBN-10: 1444330012

ISBN-13: 9781444330014

The Evolution of Plant shape is a phenomenal new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s hugely profitable and good demonstrated Annual Plant Reviews.

Written through acknowledged and revered researchers, this e-book offers a entire consultant to the various diversity of clinical views in land plant evolution, from morphological evolution to the reports of the mechanisms of evolutionary switch and the instruments with which they are often studied. This name distinguishes itself from others in plant evolution via its synthesis of those principles, which then presents a framework for destiny reports and intriguing new advancements in this

The first bankruptcy explores the origins of the main morphological techniques in land vegetation and the subsequent chapters offer an exhilarating, extensive research of the morphological evolution
of land plant teams together with bryophytes, lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. the second one half the publication specializes in evolutionary reviews in land vegetation together with genomics,
adaptation, improvement and phenotypic plasticity. the ultimate bankruptcy offers a precis and point of view for destiny reviews within the evolution of plant form.

The Evolution of Plant shape presents crucial info for plant scientists and evolutionary biologists. All libraries and learn institutions, the place organic and agricultural sciences are
studied and taught, will locate this significant paintings an important addition to their shelves.

Chapter 1 Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological techniques in Land crops (pages 1–50): James A. Doyle
Chapter 2 The Evolution of physique shape in Bryophytes (pages 51–89): Bernard Goffinet and William R. Buck
Chapter three The Morphology and improvement of Lycophytes (pages 91–114): Barbara A. Ambrose
Chapter four Evolutionary Morphology of Ferns (Monilophytes) (pages 115–140): Harald Schneider
Chapter five Gymnosperms (pages 141–161): Dennis Wm. Stevenson
Chapter 6 picking Key positive factors within the beginning and Early Diversification of Angiosperms (pages 163–188): Paula J. Rudall
Chapter 7 Genomics, model, and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 189–225): Kristen Shepard
Chapter eight Comparative Evolutionary Genomics of Land crops (pages 227–275): Amy Litt
Chapter nine improvement and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 277–320): Barbara A. Ambrose and Cristina Ferrandiz
Chapter 10 improvement within the Wild: Phenotypic Plasticity (pages 321–355): Kathleen Donohue
Chapter eleven The Evolution of Plant shape: A precis standpoint (pages 357–366): Michael Purugganan

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Additional resources for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form

Example text

One was origin of saccate pollen, with a single tire-like air sac or two sacs, formed by separation of the inner and outer layers of the exine. Today sacs are restricted to the conifer families Pinaceae and Podocarpaceae, but in the past they also occurred in Callistophyton, cordaites, Paleozoic conifers, some peltasperms (Autunia), corystosperms, glossopterids, and Caytonia. Whether sacs evolved once and were lost in the many nonsaccate seed plant taxa or arose several times is unclear because of uncertainty on the position of various fossils near Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological Innovations in Land Plants 25 the crown group node.

They are also consistent with analyses in which glossopterids and Caytonia are angiosperm stem relatives, although the fact that the same analyses also associate angiosperms with Pentoxylon and Bennettitales poses problems, since these taxa had ovule-bearing structures that are difficult to interpret in these terms (or any others; Doyle 2008). Caytonia is more like angiosperms in having anatropous cupules, which could be transformed into anatropous bitegmic ovules by reduction to one ovule per cupule.

A final related innovation was a shift from swimming to nonmotile sperm, correlated with a change in function of the pollen tube: from anchoring the male gametophyte and absorption of nutrients (haustorial pollen tube, as in cycads and Ginkgo) to transfer of sperm to the archegonia (siphonogamy, as in living conifers, Gnetales, and angiosperms). The long, slender pollen tube of Callistophyton has been taken as evidence for siphonogamy (Rothwell 1981; Nishida et al. 2004), but Taylor (1988) and Friedman (1993) considered the function of the tube to be unknown.

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Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

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